America and americans by john steinbeck essay

It is characteristic that on embarking as a subaltern for Egypt he wrote enthusiastically: I do not suppose that any expedition since the days of Roman governors of provinces has started with such magnificence; we might have been Antony going to Egypt in a purple-sailed galley. For instance, by comparing the circulation of separate classes with the total we get class percentages–a very useful type of statistics; by comparing circulation with books on shelves we get the average circulation of each book, etc. In her Nina there is a listless vacancy, an awkward grace, a want of _bienseance_, that is like a child or a changeling, and that no French actress would venture upon for a moment, lest she should be suspected of a want of _esprit_ or of _bon mien_. And with this knowledge comes an awakening of conscience. I. The construction of words by a mixed system of derivation and new formation. 5. On its intellectual side, again, as the {417} play of mind, the mirthful disposition has an intimate relation to such valuable qualities as quickness of insight and versatility.[336] In the light entertaining form of witty talk it takes on a social quality of no mean value. And upon this is founded that remarkable distinction between justice and all the other social virtues, which has of late been particularly insisted upon by an author of very great and original genius, that we feel ourselves to be under a stricter obligation to act according to justice, than agreeably to friendship, charity, or generosity; that the practice of these last mentioned virtues seems to be left in some measure to our own choice, but that, somehow or other, we feel ourselves to be in a peculiar manner tied, bound, and obliged to the observation of justice. He convinced his followers, by never doubting himself. But it is otherwise with grief; the heart recoils from, and resists the first approaches of that disagreeable passion, and it requires some time before the melancholy object can produce its full effect. He had demonstrated, too, that it could not arise from any operation of reason. You are advertising men. In those cases where intense study has been considered as the exciting cause of insanity, I have almost always been able, on closer investigation, to trace it rather to the intemperate feelings and sentiments of the mind, combined with the injudicious mode of procedure and irregular habits attending it. He had hitherto defiantly asserted his innocence, but at this sight he fell on his knees, confessed the crime, and begged for mercy. The imitation seldom pleases, unless the original object be in a very high degree either great, or beautiful, or interesting. This places the final responsibility where it belongs–on the trustees; but with a satisfactory librarian, the duties of the reviewing committee would consist chiefly of deciding on matters of policy–rarely of considering individual titles. p. It results in a diversity of centres of attraction; but these centres of attraction are apt to converge and coalesce if for any reason they are simultaneously affected by related or identical sentiments. No doubt men of mind caught in the snare have been ready to admit this; yet it may be questioned whether, when they set america and americans by john steinbeck essay down their endurance of the boredom of the diner-out to the social ambition of their wives, they evade the laughter of the gods.

_She was useful_, but her usefulness was more for her own good than for ours. Let him then be compelled to attempt some other pursuit—painting, for instance—and be made to feel the difficulties, the refinements of which it is capable, and the number of things of which he was utterly ignorant before, and there will be an end of his pedantry and his pride together. At first, the two students pursued this occupation merely as an amusement, but it soon occurred to them that more could be made of it; so M. The jurisdiction of the man within, is founded altogether in the desire of praise-worthiness, and in the aversion to blame-worthiness; in the desire of possessing those qualities, and performing those actions, which we love and admire in other people; and in the dread of possessing those qualities, and performing those actions, which we hate and despise in other people. It is of more importance to point out that the advance of a community in knowledge and culture will lead to the formation of new groups involving certain differences of rank. Yet the Author of THE YEAR 2500[43] has done it! With regard to all such passions, our sympathy is divided between the person who feels them, and the person who is the object of them. They are intangible, but their results are not. Most wonderful of all was the temple of Quetzalcoatl. Milton’s prose-style savours too much of poetry, and, as I have already hinted, of an imitation of the Latin. IV.–_Of Licentious Systems._ ALL those systems, which I have hitherto given an account of, suppose that that there is a real and essential distinction between vice and virtue, whatever these qualities may consist in. It is this greater liveliness and force with which I can enter into my future feelings, that in a manner identifies them with my present being; and this notion of identity being once formed, the mind makes use of it to strengthen it’s habitual propensity, by giving to personal motives a reality and absolute truth which they can never have. Yet I own I should like some part of me, as the hair or even nails, to be preserved entire, or I should have no objection to lie like Whitfield in a state of petrifaction. Who shall alter the stamina of national character by any systematic process? If the torture had been inflicted by an over-zealous judge without proper preliminary evidence, confession amounted legally to nothing, even though proofs were subsequently discovered.[1768] If, on the other hand, absolute and incontrovertible proof of guilt were had, and the over-zealous judge tortured in surplusage without extracting a confession, there arose another of the knotty points to which the torture system inevitably tended and about which jurisconsults differed. I certainly think it legitimate of libraries to purchase these, and they would be “border-land” material, I suppose, in the same sense as the musical records. Nor is this referable to the contrast between an Aryan and an American language. It would now, therefore, have become a personal, instead of an impersonal verb. omitting all notice of compurgation in the code prepared for his Neapolitan dominions in 1231, he did not attempt to abrogate it among his German subjects, for it is alluded to in a charter granted to the city of Regensburg in 1230.[220] The Schwabenspiegel, which during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries was the municipal law of Southern Germany, directs the employment of conjurators in various classes of actions which do not admit of direct testimony.[221] The code in force in Northern Germany, as we have already seen, gave great facilities for rebutting accusations by the single oath of the defendant, and therefore the use of conjurators is but rarely referred to in the Sachsenspiegel, though it was not unknown, for either of the parties to a judicial duel could refuse the combat by procuring six conjurators to swear with him that he was related to his antagonist.[222] In the Saxon burgher law, however, the practice is frequently alluded to, and it would seem from various passages that a man of good character who could get six others to take with him the oath of denial was not easily convicted. To invent words of the latter kind requires a much greater effort of abstraction than to invent those of the former. It gives us pleasure to see a father obliged to check his own fondness for his children, a friend obliged to set bounds to his natural generosity, a person who has received a benefit, obliged to restrain the too sanguine gratitude of his own temper. By the one we naturally secure, by the other we necessarily endanger our own ease and tranquillity, the great and ultimate objects of all our desires. But no man was ever habitually such, without being almost universally known to be so, and without being even frequently suspected of guilt, when he was in reality perfectly innocent. _Rax_ is the name of the colors blue and green, which it is said by many writers cannot be distinguished apart by these Indians; or at least that they have no word to express the difference. This principle, as it is the best prevention, so also it is the best remedy in the cure, of insanity. Nic. The figure of the monkey, which is, by the way, one of the oldest symbols of caricature, rendered excellent service to those who, naturally enough, greeted the proposed topsy-turvyness of Darwinism with boisterous cachinnations. Well, let the worst come to the worst, ’tis but shifting the scene to_ Smithfield, _and making an Interest in half a dozen Vizor-Masks to be sure of your Company: But he, good Man, is desirous to please you at first hand, and therefore has put a fine Picture in the front to invite you in, so like some of you (as he protests) that you ought never look in a Glass again, if it offends you. According to Haller and Gratiolet the sounds of {32} the laughter of women and children, which correspond with their higher vocal pitch, america and americans by john steinbeck essay approach in vowel-quality to the French _i_ and _e_.[16] Considerable variations from these typical forms would seem to occur now and again. A variety of this sort, however, I think, is not agreeable. The rest are common place declaimers, and may be very fine poets, but not deep philosophers.—There is a depth even in superficiality, that is, the affections cling round obvious and familiar objects, not recondite and remote ones; and the intense continuity of feeling thus obtained, forms the depth of sentiment. and john americans america essay by steinbeck.

Unquestionably, where there is no appearance of the existence of certain causes, they are to be admitted with caution: we are not fancifully to multiply them _ad libitum_ merely because we are not satisfied with those that do appear, much less are we to multiply them gratuitously, without any reason at all. IT appears, from the observations of Mr. [54] _Vide_ Bramwell’s “Hypnotism,” 3rd edition, p. The good which he does not feel must be matter of perfect indifference to him. Privation, therefore, was a third principle opposite to form, which entered into the generation of every Species, which was always from some other Species. A well-composed concerto of instrumental Music, by the number and variety of the instruments, by the variety of the parts which are performed by them, and the perfect concord or correspondence of all these different parts; by the exact harmony or coincidence of all the different sounds which are heard at the same time, and by that happy variety of measure which regulates the succession of those which are heard at different times, presents an object so agreeable, so great, so various, and so interesting, that alone, and without suggesting any other object, either by imitation or otherwise, it can occupy, and as it were fill up, completely the whole capacity of the mind, so as to leave no part of its attention vacant for thinking of any thing else. To persons under such misfortunes, we could, perhaps, easily pardon some degree of weakness; but at the same time, they who carry the firmest countenance, who accommodate themselves with the greatest ease to their new situation, who seem to feel no humiliation from the change, but to rest their rank in the society, not upon their fortune, but upon their character and conduct, are always the most approved of, and command our highest and most affectionate admiration. There was another mode, however, of attaining the same object which has received the sanction of the wisest lawgivers during the greater part of the world’s history, and our survey of man’s devious wanderings in the search of truth would be incomplete without glancing at the subject of the judicial use of torture. The church was dedicated to St. Laughter, as I conceive of it, fastens upon something human. This is proved by the profound researches of Cushing among the Zunis; of Dorsey among the Dakotas; and others. If you would hope to succeed, you must describe to him the conveniency and arrangement of the different apartments in their palaces; you must explain to him the propriety of their equipages, and point out to him the number, the order, and the different offices of all their attendants. He answered, that they undoubtedly did all this; but that their smallness and distance hindered us from perceiving it. I could not love myself, if I were not capable of loving others. He was the antithesis of a man of genius; and yet he did better, by mere dint of dulness, than many men of genius. This beauty and deformity which characters appear to derive from their usefulness or inconveniency, are apt to strike, in a peculiar manner, those who consider, in an abstract and philosophical light, the actions and conduct of mankind. It is a commonplace that civilised man finds all his powers taxed when he tries to get into touch with the mind of a savage. Anger would follow the suggestions of its own fury; fear those of its own violent agitations. Let no one, then, deride or decry the formation or the operation of a library machine; we live in an age of machinery–of machines formed by effective human co-operation, as well as by interlocking gears and america and americans by john steinbeck essay interacting parts. I am alive to a usual objection to what is clearly part of my programme for the _metier_ of poetry. But if it was by a peculiar faculty, such as the moral sense is supposed to be, that they judged of their own conduct, if they were endued with a particular power of perception which distinguished the beauty or deformity of passions and affections; as then passions would be more immediately exposed to the view of this faculty, it would judge more accurately concerning them, than concerning those of other men, of which it had only a more distant prospect. It is granted that a certain thing, in itself highly useful, does not afford as much pleasure to the imagination, or excite as much interest as it ought to do, or as some other thing which is of less real and practical value. The little girl M., when only fourteen months old, is said to have laughed in an “absurdly conscious way” at a small boy who stood by her perambulator asking for a kiss. For the Moon, after having finished her periodical revolution, generally intersects the orbit of the Earth somewhat behind the point where she had intersected it before. When is it that secrecy and reserve begin to grow into dissimulation? Although at a particular moment we may be able to detect clearly a slight preponderance of the agreeable or of the disagreeable aspect, it is only for a moment. This _bush-fighting_ is not regarded as fair play among scientific men. Every thing stands best on its own foundation. In this the natural tendency of the church to follow the traditional customs of the populations from which its members were drawn was reinforced by the example of the practices of Judaism. It ought, however, to be mentioned that during the whole of this time he would frequently exhibit signs of great uneasiness and irritability, would pace the gallery or airing court, in quick and hurried steps, and afterwards call his attendants to play a game at whist or backgammon: at these times he was in the habit of chewing orange-peel, which he constantly carried in his pocket for that purpose, and afterwards he would say his troubles were overcome. If praise were of no consequence to us, but as a proof of our own praise-worthiness, we never should endeavour to obtain it by unfair means. Their authority was still circumscribed by the innumerable jurisdictions which yet defied their gradual encroachments and resolutely maintained ancestral customs. According to this theory, we ought to laugh most at his vices when he first reveals them, since this is the moment when we should be most likely to bring to bear on him the “concept” of a proper decent gentleman. Our honey-moon, even though we wed the Muse, must come to america and americans by john steinbeck essay an end; and is followed by indifference, if not by disgust. Let any one have dwelt on any object with the greatest fondness, let him have cherished the feeling to the utmost height, and have it put to the test in the most trying circumstances, and he will find it described to the life in Beaumont and Fletcher.